Connor is lying in one of the lab living quarters. The notes are on one of the desks in the room. Take his notes to Monroe in the lab.
The title of this quest is Latin, roughly translated as "god from the machine", it's commonly used to refer to a situation where something completely new is suddenly and unexpectedly introduced to a story to solve a seemingly unsolvable problem. This is possibly a tongue in cheek reference to the probable outcome of Connor's research. It is also a reference to the fact that the research just suddenly "comes out of nowhere" when the Hero finds Connor.